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An Irrepressible Conflict

Page history last edited by Mr. Hengsterman 8 years, 4 months ago



An Irrepressible Conflict - 1861

 Ken Burns - The Cause  (read about  the Ashokan Farewell )




Historical Context: It was the greatest war in American history.  3 million fought - 600,000 + died.  It was the only war fought on American soil by Americans, and for that reason we have always been fascinated with The Civil War.





The importance of the border states (states bordering the North): Missouri, Maryland, Delaware, and Kentucky. They were slave states, but did not secede.






The War between the States 
Interactive Maps - The Civil War  


The population of the North was approximately 22.5  million people in 1860.


The population of the South was slightly over 9 million white people and about 4.5 million  black people  4.2 million of whom were slaves; the other 250 to 300,000 who were free blacks.


Northern states produced 94% of all cloth in the United States in 1860, 93% percent of all pig iron, and on and on and on; boats, ships, 95% in favor of the North.




"No nation of agriculturalists ever made war on a nation of mechanics and survived."

William Tecumseh Sherman 




On April 15, 1861, at the start of the American Civil War, the President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln, called for a 75,000-man militia to serve for three months following the bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter.



Civil War Snapshot  - Sullivan Ballou



First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas), July 1861   - THIS WILL NOT BE A 90 DAY WAR!!!

Gen. McDowell leads 30,000 men against Gen. Johnston's 22,000 Southern troops in an attempt to crush the rebels and go "On to Richmond." South scores victory as Union troops flee back to Washington in disarray. McDowell replaced by Gen. McClellan






The Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg), September 1862

Heavily outnumbered, Robert E. Lee's troops face George McClellan in bloody fighting. Over 23,000 casualties (more than all previous American wars combined). Lee retreats to Virginia



The Battle of Gettysburg, July 1863
Over 165,000 soldiers participate in the largest battle in the Western Hemisphere. After three days of fighting, Lee retreats, leaving 4,000 dead Confederates. Total casualties: 23,000 Union, 28,000 Confederates


The Battle of Vicksburg, July 1863







The Problem with Numbers







Letters from the front lines 
Sullivan Ballou  and Juan Compos 









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