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The End of World War II

Page history last edited by Mr. Hengsterman 3 months, 2 weeks ago

 

 

Endgame, 1945: The Final Chapter of World War II

As the war concludes a buoyant time of grand expectations and an unprecedented faith in our

 government, and our leaders is  embodied in an optimistic spirit about the post war world. 

 

 

TIME LINE SUMMARY



 

1939: On August 23, Germany and the U.S.S.R. signed the Non-Aggression Pact

 

 

1939 On September 1, Germany invaded Poland.  World War II officially began on September 3, when Great Britain and France declared war on Germany.

 


 

 



 

1940:  Germany occupied the neutral countries of Norway and Denmark, Holland, Belgium, and Luxemburg were conquered when German troops bypassed the Maginot Line (a defensive line of fortifications between France and Germany).  In June, France surrendered to German forces leaving Great Britain alone to fight Germany.  The first turning point for the Allies was the Battle of Britain in August. The Royal Air Force repulsed the German Luftwaffe, and saved Britain from attack.  In November, Romania and Hungary joined the Axis alliance. 



 

1941: On June 22nd, Hitler broke the Non-Aggression Pact and invaded the Soviet Union. 

 


 

 

 

1941 On December 7, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor bringing the U.S. into World War II.  Japan simultaneously invaded Wake Island, Guam, British Malasia, Singapore, Dutch East Indies, Burma, Thailand, and the Philippines.  In November, General Dwight Eisenhower landed in Africa and took Casablanca, Oran, and the Algiers.

 

Image result for Pearl Harbor

 



 

1942:  On June 3-6, the Battle of Midway took place in the Pacific.  Japan lost four aircraft carriers and about 275 planes.  This was the turning point in the Pacific War for the U.S.  Soviet troops stopped the Nazi offensive at Stalingrad in the fall.  Over 300,000 German troops were captured and Soviet troops began an offensive which lasted until 1945 when Soviet troops invaded German soil.

 

Related image

 

 



 

1943:  Over 250,000 Axis troops surrendered on May 13 bringing the North Africa campaign to a close.  On July 9, the Allies invaded Italy on the island of Sicily.  Mussolini was overthrown on July 25.



1944:  General Eisenhower was made Supreme Commander of Allied troops in June.  On June 6, “D-Day,Allied troops successfully invaded Europe by crossing the English Channel opening up a second front against Nazi Germany.  By September, American troops were on German soil.  In the Pacific war, the Philippines fell to the United States.

 

156,000 Troops deployed during Operation Overload

 

Deaths 

US 2,499

other Allied deaths 1,914

 

Causalities

US 6,603

UK 2,709

Canada 946

 

 

 

 

Examining Operation Overload [D-Day]  

 

Image result for ike at d day

 

Audio General Eisenhower's D-Day speech



1945: Battle at Iwo Jima  [Feb 19, 1945 to Mar 26, 1945 in the Pacific War theater]

For seventy four days before the American landings planes had been bombing the heavily fortified base on Iwo Jima. Marines of the 4th and 5th Divisions made the landing under cover from their own ships. In some of the bloodiest fighting of World War II, it’s believed that all but 200 or so of the 21,000 Japanese forces on the island were killed, as were almost 7,000 Marines. But once the fighting was over, the strategic value of Iwo Jima was called into question.

 

Audio news reel of the Battle of Iwo Jima

 

 

NPR: Marine Corps Misidentified Man In Iconic Iwo Jima Photo ( 2 minute listen)

 

 



1945  May 8th  Victory in Europe Day, generally known as VE Day (United Kingdom) or V-E Day (America), is a day celebrating the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces.

 

 



 

FDR at War Conferences  



 

World War II Photo: Harry S. Truman

The Truman Show 

 



 

 Potsdam Conference 

 



 

 

 

 

The Atomic Bomb (1942 to 1946)  The Manhattan Project was responsible for developing the atomic bomb for the U.S.  On July 16, 1945, the first atomic bomb was detonated in the desert of New Mexico.  Three weeks later, on August 6, the U.S. dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan and three days later on Nagasaki, Japan.  Japan officially surrendered on August 14th.

 

 

“ Nobody was more disturbed over the use of the atomic bomb than I am, but I was greatly disturbed over the unwarranted attack by the Japanese on Pearl Harbor, and then murder of our prisoners of war. The only language they seem to understand  is the one we have been using to bombard them. When you have to deal with a beast, you have to treat him as a beast.”    Harry Truman

 



Review of Executive Action

 

 

 

 

 

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