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Rejection of Empire

Page history last edited by Mr. Hengsterman 1 month, 2 weeks ago

 

 

The Rejection of Empire 1763 to 1770 

British imperial policies intensify colonial resistance to British rule and their commitment to republican values.  

 


George Washington 1772

 

Prompt: The French and Indian War (1754-1763) altered the relationship between Britain and its North American colonies. Assess this change with regard to land acquisition, politics, and economics in the period between 1763 and 1775.

 

 

 

1756-1763 French and Indian War - Great Britain’s massive debt from the Seven Years’ War resulted in renewed efforts to consolidate imperial control over their increasing resistant North American colonies.

 

 

1763-1764 Pontiac's Rebellion - An Indian uprising after the French and Indian War, led by an Ottawa chief named Pontiac. They opposed British expansion into the western Ohio Valley and began destroying British forts in the area. The attacks ended when Pontiac was killed.

 

 

1763 Proclamation Line established - A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Historical Thinking  Skills - Synthesis 1754 to 1774 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

George Grenville Search for Revenue "Fiscal Aggression"
 Grenville imposed a series of direct levies, culminating in the Stamp Act (1765) 

 

 

 

 

 

Sugar Act  (1764)                       threatened triangular trade by interfering with French molasses imports. Some colonists argued that Sugar Act was illegal, that all taxes needed to arise from the people 
Currency Act (1764)  forbade the issue of paper money

 

Western problems (Need for defense of frontier)

 

 Ottawa Indian leader Pontiac led an uprising against settlers, killing over 2000 and destroying British forts 

Proclamation of 1763 prevented western migration past the Appalachian Mountains
 Stamp Act (1765)

Sought to raise funds for defense of America by requiring all legal documents, as well as newspapers, playing cards, etc. to bear a government stamp.

 

 

 

 

 Stamp Act Crisis  (1765)

 

1. Colonial opposition to the Stamp Act  (Stamp Act affected lawyers, merchants, editors most heavily)  

 

2.  Unlike the Sugar Act, this was the first internal tax intended to raise revenue


3. Stamp Act Congress met to call for boycott of British goods and state that Parliament had no right to tax colonies without consent. Most colonists called for a boycott of British goods, and some organized attacks on the customhouses and homes of tax collectors.

 

4. Sons of Liberty used mob violence  to force all stamp agents to resign.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The colonists, who had convened the Stamp Act Congress in October 1765 to vocalize their opposition to the impending enactment, greeted the arrival of the stamps with outrage and violence.

 

 

 

The Stamp Act Congress, or First Congress of the American Colonies,
was a meeting held between October 7 and 25, 1765 in 
New York City

 

 

The Stamp Act Congress or First Congress of the American Colonies was a meeting held between October 7 and 25, 1765 in New York City, consisting of representatives from some of the British colonies in North America; it was the first gathering of elected representatives from several of the American colonies to devise a unified protest against new British taxation. Parliament had passed the Stamp Act, which required the use of specially stamped paper for legal documents, playing cards, calendars, newspapers and dice for virtually all business in the colonies, and was coming into effect November 1.

 

 

 

Stamp Act Repeal (March 1766)

After months of protest, and an appeal by Benjamin Franklin before the British House of Commons, Parliament voted to repeal the Stamp Act in March 1766.

 

However, the same day, Parliament passed the Declaratory Acts, asserting that the British government had free and total legislative power over the colonies. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rejection of Empire WIP

 

 

 

 

 

 

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