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Mid Term Analysis

Page history last edited by Mr. Hengsterman 1 year, 8 months ago

APUSH Score Predictor

https://www.albert.io/blog/ap-us-history-score-calculator/

 

 

SAQ #1  The Encomienda System   (Secondary Source; POV of Historians)

 

SAQ #2  The Era of Good Feelings (Primary Source: Document Excert, Painting, Picture, Chart, Graph etc)

 

CHOICE

 

SAQ #3  Articles of Confederation  (No stimulus)

 

SAQ #4  Federal Power in Antebellum America (No stimulus)

 


DBQ:  Analyze the extent to which political and economic changes reshaped American society between 1820 and 1848.

 

 

Time Period #4 [1800-1848]  Narative

The new republic struggled to define and extend democratic ideals in the face of rapid economic, territorial, and demographic changes.

 

 

Chapter #13  - The Age of Jackson - The Jacksonian CUSP

 

Chapter #14 - The Northern World View - The Market Revolution - i TRIP

 

Chapter #16 - The Southern World View - Plantation Agriculture - The Power of 50

 

Chapter #15 - Religion and Reform - Impact of the Second Great Awakening 

 

 

 

 

DOCUMENT #1

Source:  Thomas Jefferson, Letter to John Holmes, 1820

 

“This momentous question like a fire-bell in the night, awakened and filled me with terror. I considered it at once as the knell of the Union. It is hushed, indeed, for the moment. But this is a reprieve only, not a final sentence. A geographical line, coinciding with a marked principle, moral and political, once conceived and held up to the angry passions of men, will never be obliterated; and every new irritation will mark it deeper and deeper.…But as it is, we have the wolf by the ears, and we can neither hold him, nor safely let him go. Justice is in one scale, and self-preservation in the other.”

 

Class #32

The Brief Period 200 Years Ago, When American Politics was Full of Good Feelings

 

Omit: Ballston Spa's John Taylor - Speaker of the House

Omit“The wolf by the ear”: Thomas Jefferson and the Missouri Crisis, 1819-21

 

 

iTRIP Market Revolution(1815–1860)

inventions (1800, 306 patents; 1860, 28,000 patents) - Samuel F. B. Morse (telegraph, 1849) Elias Howe (sewing machine, 1846; perfected by Singer); John Deere (steel plow, 1837);Cyrus McCormick (mechanical mower-reaper, 1830s)

 

transportation revolution: spreading networks of turnpikes, roads, canals, and railroads  National or Cumberland Road (1811, completed in 1852) ;  Erie Canal (1825, 364 miles—Albany to Buffalo); The steamboat; Robert Fulton

 

Immigration: 1840 to 1860, 4.2 million immigrants (mostly Irish 1845-46 [potato blight], 1.5 million); four out of five settled in the Northeast

 

Population Explosion: 5.3 million in 1800 increases to more than 23 million in 1850; urban population quadruples from 1800 to 1840.  By 1852-53, Boston and New York had 50% foreign-born populations. One of every two people in New York City in 1852 was born outside the United States. The Northern cities, seats of market culture, commercialism, manufacturing, were immigrant cities.

 

 

 

DOCUMENT #2

Source: Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, 1831

Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, edited and translated by Harvey C. Mansfield and Delba Winthrop (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000).

 

When an artisan engages constantly and uniquely in the manufacture of a single object, in the end he performs this work with singular dexterity. But at the same time he loses the general faculty of applying his mind to the direction of the work. Each day he becomes more skillful and less industrious, and one can say that the man in him is degraded as the worker is perfected. As the principle of the division of labor is more completely applied, the worker becomes weaker, more limited, and more dependent. The art makes progress, the artisan retrogresses. On the other hand, as it is more plainly discovered that the products of an industry are so much more perfect and less dear as manufacture is vaster and capital greater, very wealthy and very enlightened men come forward to exploit industries which, until then, had been left to ignorant or awkward artisans. They are attracted by the greatness of the necessary efforts and the immensity of the results to be obtained. So, therefore, at the same time that industrial science constantly lowers the class of workers, it elevates that of masters.…Thus as the mass of the nation turns to democracy, the particular class occupied with industry becomes more aristocratic. Men show themselves more and more alike in the one, and more and more different in the other, and inequality increases in the small society as it decreases in the great.

 

R.P.I. (1824)

Henry Clay's American System:  RECHARTER the B.U.S;   PROTECTIVE tariff; INTERNAL improvements

 

 

Class #38

Alexis de Tocqueville's  Democracy in America

 

 

 

DOCUMENT #3

Source: Michael Chevalier, Society, Manners, and Politics in the United States, 1836

 

Everything has become an object of speculation…that is to say, cotton, land, city and town lots, banks, railroads.…Most of these speculations are imprudent, many of them are foolish. The boom today may and must be followed by a crisis tomorrow.…In the midst of all this speculation, while some enrich and some ruin themselves, banks spring up and diffuse credit; railroads and canals extend themselves over the country; steamboats are launched into the rivers, the lakes, and the sea; the career of the speculators is ever enlarging, the field for railroads, canals, steamers, and banks goes on expanding. Some individuals lose, but the country is a gainer; the country is peopled, cleared, cultivated; its resources are unfolded, its wealth increased…here, all is circulation, motion, and boiling agitation. Experiment follows experiment; enterprise follows enterprise.…Men chance their houses, their climate, their trade, their condition, their party, their sect; the States change their laws, their officers, their constitutions.…The influence of the democracy is so universal in this country that it was quite natural for it to raise its head among speculators.

 

Class #31

Nascent Nationalism and the American System 

 

Class #37

Antebellum Migration Patterns - The March of Millions 

 

R.P.I. (1824)

Henry Clay's American System:  RECHARTER the B.U.S;   PROTECTIVE tariff; INTERNAL improvements

 

 

 

 

DOCUMENT #34

Source: Andrew Jackson, Farewell Address, 1837

James D. Richardson, ed., A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents, 1789–1897, Volume 4 (New York: Bureau of National Literature, 1969).

 

The planter, the farmer, the mechanic, and the laborer all know that their success depends upon their own industry and economy, and that they must not expect to become suddenly rich by the fruits of their toil…these classes of society…are the bone and sinew of the country—men who love liberty and desire nothing but equal rights and equal laws.…But…they are in constant danger of losing their fair influence in the government, and with difficulty maintain their just rights against the incessant efforts daily made to encroach upon them.…Unless you become more watchful in your states and check this spirit of monopoly and thirst for exclusive privileges you will in the end find that the most important powers of government have been given or bartered away, and the control over your dearest interests has passed into the hands of these corporations.…You have no longer any cause to fear danger from abroad; your strength and power are well known throughout the civilized world as well as the high and gallant bearing of your sons. It is from within, among yourselves—from cupidity, from corruption, from disappointed ambition and inordinate thirst for power—that factions will be formed and liberty endangered.…Providence has showered on this favored land blessings without number, and has chosen you as the guardians of freedom, to preserve it for the benefit of the human race.

 

Class #36

 

Andrew Jackson: The American Franchise

 

Andrew Jackson's Shifting Legacy

 

 

 

 

 

 

DOCUMENT #5

Source: Francis P. Blair, The Globe, January 11, 1842

 

If we are to believe the assertions of members of Congress advocating a protective tariff, there is no other domestic industry than that employed in our great manufactories. According to their definition, tending spinning jennies in a stupendous brick building, six or seven stories high, some ten or twenty miles from home…is your only domestic industry for the young and blooming daughters of the land. “DOMESTIC INDUSTRY” is no longer represented by the ruddy matron sitting at her own fireside in her own home, turning the spinning wheel with one foot and rocking a chubby bantling [child] with the other, while singing it to sleep with lullabies.…“DOMESTIC INDUSTRY,” according to the tariff definition, is not that of the healthy mechanic or artisan, who works for himself at his own shop.…Domestic industry is nothing but bondage in its most oppressive form, labor in its utmost extremity of degradation. “DOMESTIC INDUSTRY,” according to the protective tariff cant, is that which separates wives, husbands, parents and children; annihilates every domestic tie and association, and renders all domestic duties subservient to the will, not of a husband or parent, but that of an unfeeling taskmaster, to whom the sacrifice of every moment of time, and every comfort of life, is wealth and prosperity.

 

Class #31

Nascent Nationalism and the American System 

 

R.P.I. (1824)

Henry Clay's American System:  RECHARTER the B.U.S;   PROTECTIVE tariff; INTERNAL improvements

 

 

 

DOCUMENT #6

Source: Changes in U.S. Presidential Voting Patterns, 1824–1844

Henretta et al., America’s History, Seventh Edition, Bedford/St. Martin's, p. 311. Reprinted by permission.

 


 

Class #33

A New Chapter in American Politics - the Election of 1824

 

The Election of 1824 - A Clash of Personalities

 

The Jacksonian C.U.S.P (1828)
A "cusp" can be defined as a point of transition (as from one historical period to the next). The age of the common man -

CAUCUS system is replaced by conventions;  UNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE; POPULAR elections

 

 

 

DOCUMENT #7

Source: Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions, 1848

Report of the Woman's Rights Convention, held at Seneca Falls, New York, July 19th and 20th, 1848.

 

We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.…The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her.…He has never permitted her to exercise her inalienable right to the elective franchise. He has compelled her to submit to laws, in the formation of which she had no voice. He has withheld from her rights which are given to the most ignorant and degraded men—both natives and foreigners.…He has denied her the facilities for obtaining a thorough education—all colleges being closed against her.…He has usurped the prerogative of Jehovah (God) himself, claiming it as his right to assign for her a sphere of action, when that belongs to her conscience and her God.…Resolved, that the speedy success of our cause depends upon the zealous and untiring efforts of both men and women, for the overthrow of the monopoly of the pulpit, and for the securing to woman an equal participation with men in the various trades, professions and commerce.

 

Class #43

Impact of Second Great Awakening

 

 

Class #44

The Grimke Sisters and the Seneca Falls Convention

 

 

 

B.E.F.A.T (1791)

Hamilton's financial plan: BANK of the U.S., EXCISE  tax (remember whiskey?); FUNDING at Par; ASSUMPTION of state debts; TARIFF

 

 

 

 

 

LEQ #2 Evaluate the extent to which the Mexican-American War marked a turning point in the debate over slavery in the United States, analyzing what changed and what stayed the same from the period before the war to the period after it.

 

Thesis and Context paragraph

 

Period before the war

 

a turning point in the debate over slavery

 

Period before the war to the period after it.

 

Conclusion

 

 

 

LEQ #3. Evaluate the extent to which the Emancipation Proclamation marked a turning point for African American freedom during the Civil War, analyzing what changed and what stayed the same from the period before the war to the period after it.

 

 

Period before the war

 

turning point African American freedom during the Civil War

 

Period before the war to the period after it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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