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Foreign Policy Developments 1919 to 1929

Page history last edited by Mr. Hengsterman 8 years, 8 months ago

 

 

 

 

1919 

Treaty of Versailles

Punished Germany severely; League of Nations sought collective security but without support from the US, USSR and Germany, the League was crippled. 

1921-1922

 

Washington  Disarmament Conference

 

Sought to reduce naval arms race between U.S., Japan & Britain and resolve disputes in the Pacific. Five Power Treaty (5-5-3 battleship ratio) and other agreements lacked enforcement provisions.  U.S. naively gave Japan the advantage in the Pacific (Open Door in China preserved)

1922

 

Benito Mussolini
 (Italy)

Fascist dictator of Italy from 1922-1943. Wanted to recreate the Roman Empire.

1924

Joseph Stalin 
(USSR)

After Lenin died in 1924, he defeated Trotsky to gain power in the U.S.S.R. He created consecutive five year plans to expand heavy industry. He tried to crush all opposition and ruled as the absolute dictator of the U.S.S.R. until his death

1928

Kellogg-Briand Pact

Made war illegal except for defensive  purposes.  Major flaws: No enforcement mechanism; aggressors could use "defensive purposes" argument when attacking.  Gave Americans a false sense of security in the 1930s.

1928

Clark Memorandum

Reversal of the BIG Stick Policy of Teddy - states the U.S. WILL NOT intervene in Latin America for its own national purposes

 

 

 

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