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Foreign Policy Developments 1919 to 1929

Page history last edited by Mr. Hengsterman 8 years, 8 months ago






Treaty of Versailles

Punished Germany severely; League of Nations sought collective security but without support from the US, USSR and Germany, the League was crippled. 



Washington  Disarmament Conference


Sought to reduce naval arms race between U.S., Japan & Britain and resolve disputes in the Pacific. Five Power Treaty (5-5-3 battleship ratio) and other agreements lacked enforcement provisions.  U.S. naively gave Japan the advantage in the Pacific (Open Door in China preserved)



Benito Mussolini

Fascist dictator of Italy from 1922-1943. Wanted to recreate the Roman Empire.


Joseph Stalin 

After Lenin died in 1924, he defeated Trotsky to gain power in the U.S.S.R. He created consecutive five year plans to expand heavy industry. He tried to crush all opposition and ruled as the absolute dictator of the U.S.S.R. until his death


Kellogg-Briand Pact

Made war illegal except for defensive  purposes.  Major flaws: No enforcement mechanism; aggressors could use "defensive purposes" argument when attacking.  Gave Americans a false sense of security in the 1930s.


Clark Memorandum

Reversal of the BIG Stick Policy of Teddy - states the U.S. WILL NOT intervene in Latin America for its own national purposes




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