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Selective Service and Training Act ( September 1940)

Page history last edited by Mr. Hengsterman 2 years, 4 months ago

 

 

Congress enacts first peacetime draft law, Sept. 14, 1940 - POLITICO

Congress enacts first peacetime draft, September, 1940

 

 

On September 16, 1940, the United States instituted the Selective Service and Training Act ( September 1940), which required all men between the ages of 21 and 45 to register for the draft. This was the first peacetime draft in United States' history. Those who were selected from the draft lottery were required to serve at least one year of service and forbade their deployment outside of the Western hemisphere. Approximately 16.4 million registered; 800,000 were called to be trained.

 

 

Willkie – The Franklin Delano Roosevelt Foundation

 

President Roosevelt's opponent in the 1940 Presidential election, Wendell Willkie even supported the Selective Service Act, claiming that .."is the only democratic way in which to assure the trained and competent man-power we need in our national defense."

 

 

By the end of the war in 1945, 50 million men between 18 and 45 had registered for the draft and 10 million had been inducted in the military.  

 



The History of the Draft (conscription) 1863 to 1969

 

 

The Enrollment (Conscription) Act  (March 3, 1863)  (the first military draft) The U.S. Congress passes a conscription act that produces the first wartime draft of U.S. citizens in American history. During the summer of 1863, just after the battle of Gettysburg filled the newspapers with lists of casualties, New York City was convulsed by the Draft Riots, the most serious instance of civil discord in the history of the United States.

 

Selective Service Act of 1917 (May 18, 1917) All males aged 18 to 45 were eligible. By the end of World War I, some 2.8 million had been drafted.This meant that more than half of the almost 4.8 million Americans who served in the armed forces were drafted.  Ballston Boys enlist  

 

 

Selective Service and Training Act  (September 16, 1940)

Required all men between the ages of 21 and 45 to register for the draft. This was the first peacetime draft in United States' history. Those who were selected from the draft lottery were required to serve at least one year of service and forbade their deployment outside of the Western hemisphere. Approximately 16.4 million registered; 800,000 were called to be trained.

 


 Selective Training and Service Act (June 24, 1948) expired in March 1947, but Pres. Harry S. Truman, asserting that the peacetime army could not attract the numbers that it needed to uphold its global commitments, pushed for an extension of the draft. Congress obliged, and the Selective Service Act was reenacted in June 1948. The act was scheduled to expire in June 1950, but the outbreak of the Korean War

 

 

Universal Military Training and Service Act, this act required all males age 18 to 26  to register for the draft. More than 1.5 million men were inducted into the armed services during the Korean War, and an additional 1.5 million were inducted between 1954 and 1961.

 

 

1969, the Selective Service System of the United States conducted two lotteries to determine the order of call to military service in the Vietnam War for men born from 1944 to 1950. "The draft" occurred during a period of conscription, controlled by the President, from just before World War II to 1973. The Selective Service System commonly uses the label 1970 or says "Issued 1969 – applied 1970". These lottery numbers were used during calendar year 1970 both to call for induction and to call for physical examination, a preliminary call covering more men.  Selective Service Vietnam

 

According to National Archives, among approximately 27 million American men eligible for military service between 1964 and 1973, the draft raised 2,215,000 men for military service (in the U.S., Southeast Asia, West Germany, and elsewhere). Around 15.4 million were granted deferments, mostly for education, some for mental, physical and family hardships. There were more than 300,000 deserters and draft evaders in total, in which 209,517 men illegally resisted the draft while some 100,000 deserted. Among them, around 30,000 immigrated to Canada during 1966-72.

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Draft in United States History Incubator

 

 

 

 

 

 

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