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Reagan, Eighties and Legacy

Page history last edited by Mr. Hengsterman 5 years ago








RESTORE  America’s strength!!


REDUCE the PUNITIVE TAX BURDEN  (Reaganomics Cartoon)
















Legacy novel - Historical Context 
Introduction  Norman Starr (Born 1951) 


Characters in Michener's Legacy 


Forgotten Books: Legacy by James Michener





Timeline of the Iran-Contra Affair

The events leading to the Reagan administration’s illegal deals to sell weapons to Iran in order to fund the Contras in Nicaragua unfolded over several years. The Contras were a paramilitary group fighting against the fairly elected leftist Sandinista government. The U.S had imposed an embargo against Iran after Islamic  fundamentalists had taken American hostages in Tehran in 1979. The ensuing scandal engulfed the Reagan administration.


July  1979 Sandinista guerillas overthrow a right-wing dictatorship in Nicaragua


November 1979 Islamic militants take 52 Americans hostage inside the U.S. embassy in Iran U.S. passes an embargo against selling weapons to Iran


January 1981 President Ronald Reagan assumes office; Iranian hostages released the same day


December 1981  Reagan signs an executive order to authorize a covert C.I.A. operation to support the Contras, a right-wing rebel group who seek to overthrow the leftist Sandinista government of Nicaragua 





August 1982  U.S. Marines land in Lebanon to stabilize the government following an Israeli invasion to oust the Palestinian Liberation Organization headquartered in Lebanon


1982 – 1984   Evidence of U.S. efforts to overthrow the Sandinistas leaks out in the press, including C.I.A. sabotage manuals Congress passes Boland Amendments, barring the use of federal money to overthrow the Nicaraguan government


1983  Hezbollah, a political paramilitary group backed by Iran, begins taking hostages in Lebanon to protest the imprisonment by American-backed governments of their allies in 

other parts of the Middle East 


November 1984 Sandinista candidates win national elections in Nicaragua


February 1985  Reagan approves National Security Adviser Robert McFarlane’s idea to negotiate with Iran for the release of Hezbollah’s hostages


September  1985   Reagan administration officials secretly negotiate to sell weapons to Iran in exchange for help securing the release of American hostages in Lebanon



April 1986  Oliver North, now National Security Adviser, proposes diverting $12 million from the sale of weapons to Iran to fund the Contras in Nicaragua


May  1986  McFarlane, now a private consultant to the White House, and North secretly fly to Iran with spare parts for missiles


November  1986  The Attorney General discloses the Iran-Contra connection Reagan announces the firing of North and the resignation of other officials involved in the 



1987 – 1992  Congress holds a series of investigations, brings down indictments and hears appeals In December 1992, President George H. W. Bush pardons six people involved in the scandal, including McFarlane Source: American Social history Project/Center for Media and Learning, 2010








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